The Northern Ireland Protocol: What does each side want?

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The Northern Ireland Protocol: What does each side want?
border force offices in BelfastImage source, PA Media

The UK and EU are engaged in a long-standing dispute over the post-Brexit trading arrangements in Northern Ireland.

The arrangements - known as the protocol - keep Northern Ireland aligned to EU product standards in order to avoid introducing checks on the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

It also puts in place checks on goods moving from Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) to Northern Ireland.

The existence of the protocol has caused tension in Northern Ireland, but reaching a viable solution requires finding an agreement that can satisfy all the interested groups.

So where does each side stands and what do they want?

UK government

Foreign Secretary Liz TrussImage source, EPA

The EU

Maros SefcovicImage source, Reuters
Image caption,
Slovakian diplomat Maros Šefčovič is leading negotiations for the EU

DUP

DUPImage source, PA Media
Image caption,
DUP leader Sir Jeffrey Donaldson with party colleagues

Sinn Féin

Sinn FéinImage source, Reuters
Image caption,
Sinn Féin leaders Mary Lou McDonald and Michelle O'Neill after meeting Boris Johnson

Alliance

Naomi LongImage source, PA Media
Image caption,
Alliance party leader Naomi Long also met with the UK prime minister

UUP

Doug BeattieImage source, PA Media
Image caption,
Doug Beattie leads the Ulster Unionist Party

SDLP

SDLPImage source, PA Media
Image caption,
SDLP leader Colum Eastwood with other members of his party

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